Bees, Wasps, Yellow Jackets, Hornets
Stinging Insects Send a Half Million People to the Emergency Room Every Year.
Paper, Umbrella Wasps
Wasps, Yellow-jackets, and Hornets are all in the same insect family, Vespide. The common Paper wasps with its umbrella shaped nest or single comb best demonstrates the basic building pattern. Wasps in this group range in length from 5/8 to 3/4 of an inch long. The Eastern species are generally dusky brown in color, marked with yellow, but sometimes black and orange There nests are shaped like and inverted umbrella. They are made of paper like material created by the wasp chewing wood fibers and mixing them with salvia. The nest is hung from a long hanger.
Most of these are black-and-yellow; some are black-and-white (such as the bald-faced hornet.) Some yellow-jacket nests hang in trees and shrubs, and some are developed underground. Underground nesters ; often identified as a yellow-jacket, is black and yellow. Primarily yellow bands cover a dark abdomen. . They can live in a disturbed environment such as yards, parks, and other recreational areas. They have large colonies; some will develop thousands of workers. Essentially they are scavengers and work over garbage cans and dumpsters. One can easily see that their habits put a large number of foraging stinging insects into close association with large populations of humans.
The Eastern yellow-jackets is a common ground nesting variety. But sometimes build nests in building wall voids. Unlike honey bees, yellow-jackets have no barb on their singer and can STING REPEATEDLY. And the sting can cause an ALLERGIC REACTION. Yellow-jackets are sometimes responsible for injection of anaerobic bacteria (organisms that cause blood poisoning). When they frequent wet manure and sewerage they pick up the bacteria on their stingers and abdomen. In essence the stinger becomes a hypodermic needle. A contaminated stinger can inject the bacteria beneath the victims skin. Blood poisoning should be kept in mind when yellow-jacket stings are encountered.
Here is a news story from Columbus, Ohio (Associated Press)
A State Highway Patrol trooper who died from a yellow jacket sting tried to save himself with two shots of antidote, the patrol said. Trooper Jack Holland Jr., 45, used two epinephrine injection pens just after he was stung at his desk Tuesday, said Sgt. Toby Smith, a patrol spokesman. Holland had the remedy handy because he'd previously suffered severe allergic reactions to stings, Smith said Wednesday. . . "It's scary that someone would get two doses and die." Columbus allergist, Dr. Garry Rupp. "Usually when you hear of a death, they didn't know they were allergic or didn't get the right treatment."
Honey bees are highly social insects and communicate with each other, relaying distance and direction of pollen and nectar sources. The colony lives on the stored honey throughout the winters, and can persist for years. A honey bee colony in a house wall can create major problems. The bees can chew through the wall and fly inside.
When a colony is found in a building wall , and cannot be removed, it must be killed. After the colony is dead, remove the nest. If the nest is not removed, the wax combs normally cooled by the bees--will melt and allow honey to flow down through the walls. Honey stains can never be removed; the walls will have to be replaced. The freed honey attracts other bees and wasps; the comb wax will attract wax moths that may persist for years. The dead bees attract carpet beetles.
Honey bees and wasps are beneficial insects. Bees help to pollinate crops and provide us with wax and honey. Bees, and Wasps are beneficial predators of many insects. Most problems occur because people share the same space and are stung, allergic to the sting, or fearful they will be stung. It is important to skillfully assess the situation, identify the culprit, and decide if the insect is a threat or not a threat.
EpiPen is manufactured by DEY L.P. EpiPens are commonly carried
by persons with severe allergies and a risk of anaphylactic shock
because they can be self-administered and are very fast-acting. In
the UK and US, EpiPens are regulated medical devices and require a
prescription. In Canada, EpiPens may be purchased without a
prescription, but they are kept behind pharmacy counters.
The standard dosage of epinephrine supplied by an EpiPen is 0.3 ml of 1 in 1000 Parts (0.3 mg). Child-sized dosages (0.15 mg) are available as the EpiPen JR. In the US, EpiPen JR
is recommended for children 33-66 lb., while in Canada it is recommended for children 15 to 30kg.